LICEO DA VINCI: THE HISTORY OF SARAJEVO

On Monday February 5, at Liceo Scientifico Da Vinci in Trento the second meeting before the students’ departure to Bosnia and Herzegovina took place. The floor was led by Marco Abram, editor and researcher at Osservatorio Balcani Caucaso e Transeuropa. Students were introduced to Bosnia and Herzegovina and Sarajevo contexts, to outline the history of a country starting from its capital city.

More precisely, they went through the main historical steps from the Ottoman to the Austro-Hungarian Empires, from the Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand in 1914 to the Olympics Games seven decades later. They also discussed about the 10-Year War in the Balkans and its consequences on current Bosnia. Besides the complex ethnic and demographic framework that portrays the country then and today, students tackled the issue of urbicide, not only remembering the siege and the organised resistance of its citizens, but also analysing the bombings of cultural sights, such as the Old Library in Sarajevo or the Old Bridge in Mostar. Despite the peace agreements, signed more than 20 years ago, ethnic divisions persist both in capital and rural areas. An example is the phenomenon of “two schools under one roof”, where buildings and children are separated on the basis of their faiths and ethnic group. Finally, some suggestions were given to students regarding music and documentaries about the current situation and the history of Sarajevo.

SEMINAR ON PARTICIPATED TERRITORIAL PLANNING

On Saturday February 3, the seminar Pianificazione partecipata del territorio – esperienze a confronto dal Trentino ad altri Paesi (Participated Territorial Planning – comparing Trentino experiences in other countries) took place at the auditorium of Istituto Agrario in San Michele all’Adige (Trento). It was organised by Associazione Progetto Prijedor and Edmund Mach Foundation.

The seminar focused on: exchange of experiences and the opportunity to deepen the knowledge about the territorial planning projects in the field of development cooperation. The participatory methods, the involvement of local stakeholders in the process, and good and bad practices implemented in the field of participatory planning were discussed.

During the seminar, ATB director Maurizio Camin gave the speech on “Co-progettare la cooperazione: relazioni tra Trentino e Balcani dagli anni ’90 ad oggi”, describing the meaning of the concepts ‘working-WITH’ and ‘planning-WITH’, which are the basis of ATB work in the Balkans.

Edmund Mach Foundation, the school library, CAM-Consorzio Associazioni Mozambico, Cooperativa Sociale Gruppo 78, Associazione Progetto Prijedor and GTV- Gruppo Trentino Volontariato also shared their experiences with the students.

The seminar was organized for the IV-year students of the Institute, that are attending a class on Territorial and Environmental Management. This event has represented a first opportunity not only to exchange considerations, but also to star future collaborations in territorial planning projects.

ATB – LICEO DA VINCI: SERBIA INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS

On Thursday February 1, at the auditorium of Liceo Scientifico Da Vinci in Trento the second meeting before the fourth-year students’ departure to Serbia took place. The floor was led by Enrico Milano, professor of International Law at the University of Verona, who introduced the international relations of Serbia, especially with Kosovo and the EU. Professor Milano illustrated a general overview of the dialogue between the capital cities of Serbia and Kosovo, Belgrade and Pristina, with the mediation of the European Union.

After a brief digression about the main international events that involved Serbia, the lecturer highlighted the difficulties in the Serbia-Kosovo relations during the 90s and the consequent armed conflict. In addition, the mechanisms of the UN international legislation were illustrated, from the beginning to its end in 2008, when Kosovo declared its independence. As other Balkan countries, Serbia is following the path towards the European Union. The lack of recognition of Kosovo independence by Belgrade is one of the most important key points in the EU integration process, where Brussels acts as mediator between the two countries.